New developments in nucleus pulposus replacement technology

Spine J. Nov-Dec 2004;4(6 Suppl):325S-329S. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2004.07.030.


Attempts to alleviate the pain attributed to degeneration of the nucleus pulposus using replacement or reinforcement techniques dating back to the 1950s are reviewed. The various materials and their insertion techniques are discussed as are results available from early clinical experiences. These techniques are in evolution and clinical outcomes will be necessary to establish the efficacy of these approaches.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / history*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / instrumentation
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / trends
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc / surgery
  • Joint Prosthesis / history
  • Low Back Pain / etiology
  • Low Back Pain / surgery
  • Lumbar Vertebrae
  • Osteoarthritis / complications
  • Osteoarthritis / surgery