Optimization and statistical evaluation of dissolution tests for indinavir sulfate capsules

Farmaco. 2004 Nov;59(11):921-7. doi: 10.1016/j.farmac.2004.08.001.


An optimization, statistically based on t-student test, to set up dissolution test conditions for indinavir sulfate capsules is presented. Three dissolution media, including that reported in United States Pharmacopeial Forum, and two apparatus, paddle and basket, were applied. Two different indinavir sulfate capsules, products A and B, were evaluated. For a reliable statistical analysis eighteen capsules were assayed in each condition based on the combination of dissolution medium and apparatus. All tested media were statistically equivalent (P > 0.05) for both drug products when paddle apparatus was employed at the stirring speed of 50 rpm. The use of basket apparatus at the stirring speed of 50 rpm caused significant decrease in the drug release percent for the product B (P < 0.05). The best dissolution conditions tested, for products A and B, were applied to evaluate capsules dissolution profiles. Twelve dosage units were assayed and dissolution efficiency concept was used, for each condition, to obtain results with statistical significance (P > 0.05). Optimal conditions to carry out the dissolution test were 900 ml of 0.1 M hydrochloric acid as dissolution medium, basket at 100 rpm stirring speed and 260 nm ultraviolet detection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Capsules
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • HIV Protease Inhibitors / chemistry*
  • Indinavir / chemistry*
  • Pharmacopoeias as Topic
  • Solubility
  • Technology, Pharmaceutical


  • Capsules
  • HIV Protease Inhibitors
  • Indinavir