The relationships between organizational and individual variables to on-the-job driver accidents and accident-free kilometres

Ergonomics. 2004 Dec;47(15):1598-613. doi: 10.1080/00140130412331293355.

Abstract

Highway fatalities are the leading cause of fatal work injuries in the US, accounting for approximately 1 in 4 of the 5900 job-related deaths during 2001. The present study focused on the contribution of organizational factors and driver behaviours to on-the-job driving accidents in a large Western Canadian corporation. A structural equation modelling (SEM) approach was used which allows researchers to test a complex set of relationships within a global theoretical framework. A number of scales were used to assess organizational support, driver errors, and driver behaviours. The sample of professional drivers that participated allowed the recording of on-the-job accidents and accident-free kilometres from their personnel files. The pattern of relationships in the fitted model, after controlling for exposure and social desirability, provides insight into the role of organizational support, planning, environment adaptations, fatigue, speed, errors and moving citations to on-the-job accidents and accident-free kilometres. For example, organizational support affected the capacity to plan. Time to plan work-related driving was found to predict accidents, fatigue and adaptations to the environment. Other interesting model paths, SEM limitations, future research and recommendations are elaborated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / mortality
  • Accidents, Occupational / psychology*
  • Accidents, Traffic / mortality
  • Accidents, Traffic / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Alberta / epidemiology
  • Automobile Driving / psychology*
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Fatigue / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motor Vehicles / classification
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Psychology, Industrial*
  • Psychometrics
  • Safety
  • Workplace / psychology