In bacteria, the translocase mediates the translocation of proteins into or across the cytosolic membrane. It consists of a membrane embedded protein-conducting channel and a peripherally associated motor domain, the ATPase SecA. The channel is formed by SecYEG, a multimeric protein complex that assembles into oligomeric forms. The structure and subunit composition of this protein-conducting channel is evolutionary conserved and a similar system is found in the endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotes and the cytoplasmic membrane of archaea. The ribosome and other membrane proteins can associate with the protein-conducting channel complex and affect its activity or functionality.