Two human liver cDNAs encode UDP-glucuronosyltransferases with 2 log differences in activity toward parallel substrates including hyodeoxycholic acid and certain estrogen derivatives

Biochemistry. 1992 Apr 7;31(13):3409-14. doi: 10.1021/bi00128a015.


Two human liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase cDNA clones, HLUG25 [Jackson, M. R., et al. (1987) Biochem. J. 242, 581-588] and UDPGTh-2 [Ritter, J. K., et al. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7900-7906] have previously been shown to encode isozymes active in the glucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA) and certain estrogen derivatives (estriols and 3,4-catechol estrogens), respectively. Here we report that the UDPGTh-2-encoded isoform (udpgth-2) and the HLUG25-encoded isoform (udpgth-1) have parallel aglycon specificities. Following expression in COS-1 cells, each isoform metabolized three types of dihydroxy- or trihydroxy-substituted ring structures, including the 3,4-catechol estrogen (4-hydroxyestrone), estriol and 17-epiestriol, and HDCA, but the udpgth-2 isozyme is 100-fold more efficient than udpgth-1. udpgth-1 and udpgth-2 are 86% identical overall (76 differences out of 528 amino acids), including 55 differences in the first 300 amino acids of the amino terminus, a domain which confers isoform substrate specificity. The data indicate that a high level of conservation in the amino terminus is not required for the preservation of substrate selectivity. Analysis of glucuronidation activity encoded by UDPGTh-1/UDPGTh-2 chimeric cDNAs constructed at their common restriction sites, SacI (codon 297), NcoI (codon 385), and HhaI (codon 469), showed that nine amino acids between residues 385 and 469 are important for catalytic efficiency, suggesting that this region represents a domain which is critical for catalysis but distinct from that responsible for aglycon selection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Line
  • DNA / genetics*
  • Deoxycholic Acid / metabolism*
  • Estriol / metabolism
  • Estrogens / metabolism*
  • Glucuronates / metabolism
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / chemistry
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hydroxyestrones / metabolism
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transfection


  • Estrogens
  • Glucuronates
  • Hydroxyestrones
  • Isoenzymes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Deoxycholic Acid
  • 4-hydroxyestrone
  • hyodeoxycholic acid
  • DNA
  • Glucuronosyltransferase
  • Estriol

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Y00317