Parallel imaging at high field strength: synergies and joint potential

Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Aug;15(4):237-44. doi: 10.1097/01.rmr.0000139297.66742.4e.


MRI faces fundamental limitations in terms of sensitivity and speed. These limitations can be effectively tackled by the transition to higher field strengths and parallel imaging technology. Owing to largely independent physics, the two approaches can be readily combined. Considering the specific advantages and disadvantages of high field strength and parallel imaging, it is found that the combination is particularly synergistic. In the joint approach, the two concepts play different roles. Higher field strength acts as a source of higher baseline signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), while parallelization acts as a means of converting added SNR into a variety of alternative benefits. This interplay holds promise for a broad range of clinical applications, as recently illustrated by several imaging studies at 3 T. As a consequence, clinical MRI at 3 T and higher is expected to rely more on parallel acquisition than at lower field strength. The specific synergy with parallel imaging may even make 3 T the field strength of choice for a range of exams that conventionally work best at 1.5 T or less.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine / methods