Application of bis(iminophosphorane) in heterocyclic synthesis: new entries to symmetrically or unsymmetrically substituted thieno[2,3-d:5,4-d']dipyrimidine-4,5(3H,6H)-diones

J Org Chem. 2004 Nov 26;69(24):8366-71. doi: 10.1021/jo048691v.


The bis(carbodiimides) 4, obtained from bis-aza-Wittig reactions of bis(iminophosphorane) 3 with 2 equiv of aromatic isocyanates, were reacted with secondary amine to give symmetrically substituted 2,7-diaminothieno[2,3-d:5,4-d']dipyrimidine-4,5(3H,6H)-dione 6 in the presence of a catalytic amount of EtO(-)Na(+). Reactions of 4 with phenols or ROH in the presence of a catalytic amount of potassium carbonate or RO(-)Na(+) gave symmetrically substituted 2,7-diaryl(alkyl)oxythieno[2,3-d:5,4-d']dipyrimidine-4,5(3H,6H)-diones 6 in satisfactory yields. However, iminophosphoranes 9 were obtained via reaction of bis(iminophosphorane) 3 with 1 equiv of aromatic isocyanate and subsequent reaction with an amine in the presence of a catalytic amount of EtO(-)Na(+). Further reaction of iminophosphoranes 9 with aromatic isocyanates and various nucleophile generated unsymmetrically substituted thieno[2,3-d:5,4-d']dipyrimidine-4,5(3H,6H)-diones 12 in good yields.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Heterocyclic Compounds / chemical synthesis*
  • Ketones / chemical synthesis*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / chemical synthesis*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / chemistry
  • Pyrimidines / chemical synthesis*


  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Ketones
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Pyrimidines