Detection and mapping of QTL for earliness components in a bread wheat recombinant inbred lines population

Theor Appl Genet. 2004 Dec;110(1):106-15. doi: 10.1007/s00122-004-1799-1. Epub 2004 Nov 12.


Earliness, an adaptative trait and factor of variation for agronomic characters, is a major trait in plant breeding. Its constituent traits, photoperiod sensitivity (PS), vernalization requirement (VR) and intrinsic earliness (IE), are largely under independent genetic controls. Mapping of major genes and quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling these components is in progress. Most of the studies focusing on earliness considered it as a whole or through one (or two) of its components. The purpose of this study was to detect and map QTL for the three traits together through an experimental design combining field trials and controlled growth conditions. QTL were mapped in a population of F(7) recombinant inbred lines derived by single-seed descent from a cross between two French varieties, 'Renan' and 'Recital'. A map was previously constructed, based on 194 lines and 254 markers, covering about 77% of the genome. Globally, 13 QTL with a LOD>2.5 were detected, of which four control PS, five control VR and four control IE. Two major photoperiod sensitive QTL, together explaining more than 31% of the phenotypic variation, were mapped on chromosomes 2B and 2D, at the same position as the two major genes Ppd-B1 and Ppd-D1. One major VR QTL explaining (depending on the year) 21.8-39.6% of the phenotypic variation was mapped on 5A. Among the other QTL, two QTL of PS and VR not referenced so far were detected on 5A and 6D, respectively. A VR QTL already detected on 2B in a connected population was confirmed.

MeSH terms

  • Bread
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Plant / genetics
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Epistasis, Genetic
  • Genes, Plant
  • Phenotype
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Triticum / genetics*
  • Triticum / growth & development