Absorbed doses for internal radiotherapy from 22 beta-emitting radionuclides: beta dosimetry of small spheres

Phys Med Biol. 1994 Jun;39(6):961-81. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/6/004.


We calculated the mean absorbed fractions, specific absorbed fractions and mean doses per unit of cumulated activity in source spheres 10 microm-2 cm in radius for 22 beta-emitting radionuclides potentially useful in radioimmunotherapy. We considered two models of radionuclide distribution, either uniform at the surface of the source or throughout its volume. For each model, we calculated both the absorbed fractions in the spherical segments composing the source and the mean absorbed fractions. For surface distribution, we calculated the mean dose per unit of cumulated activity for a concentric sphere with a small radius (5 microm) in order to determine the minimal dose delivered to the target. Calculations were performed using point kernels for monoenergetic emissions and then integrated into the beta spectra of the different emitters (32p, 33p, 47Sc, 67Cu, 77As, 90Y, 105Rh, 109Pd, 111Ag, 121Sn, 131I, 142Pr, 143Pr, 149Pm, 153Sm, 159Gd, 166Ho, 177Lu, 186Re, 188Re, 194Ir and 199Au). Monoenergetic emissions were taken into account. Results are reported in the form of tables to facilitate use during dosimetric studies for radioimmunotherapy. An application is presented showing the potential utility of associating emitters with different energies in order to sterilize a range of tumour targets of variable size.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Beta Particles / therapeutic use
  • Computer Simulation
  • France
  • Microspheres
  • Models, Biological*
  • Radioimmunotherapy / methods*
  • Radioimmunotherapy / standards
  • Radioisotopes / analysis*
  • Radioisotopes / standards
  • Radioisotopes / therapeutic use
  • Radiometry / methods*
  • Radiometry / standards
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / analysis
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / standards
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / therapeutic use
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Relative Biological Effectiveness


  • Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals