Effect of education on school-age children's and parents' asthma management

J Spec Pediatr Nurs. Jul-Sep 2004;9(3):95-102. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.00095.x.

Abstract

Issues and purpose: Asthma affects 7.4% of school-age children, with poor children or members of ethnic minorities disproportionately affected.

Design and methods: A quasiexperimental, year-long pilot study tested the effectiveness of an intervention that included school-based small-group education for children with home-based education for parents. Pretest and two posttest measures were collected.

Results: Forty-four families completed the study (41% African American, 36% European American, 23% Mexican American), with 46% coming from poor or working-class families. Asthma management in the treatment group was lower than the comparison group at baseline, but improved significantly at 6 months and stabilized at 12 months, a trend that was most pronounced among the poorer children.

Practice implications: Improvements in asthma management point to the need for ongoing asthma education to address learning needs of the children and families.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism
  • Adult
  • African Americans / education
  • African Americans / psychology
  • Asthma / prevention & control*
  • Child
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / education
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology
  • Female
  • Home Care Services / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexican Americans / education
  • Mexican Americans / psychology
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Educational
  • Needs Assessment
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Parents / education*
  • Parents / psychology
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Program Evaluation
  • School Nursing / organization & administration*
  • Self Care / psychology
  • Self Care / standards*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Teaching Materials / standards