Caries experience in subjects 18-22 years of age after 13 years' discontinued water fluoridation in Okinawa

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1992 Apr;20(2):81-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1992.tb00681.x.


The purpose of this study is to compare the state of teeth in young adults who had consumed fluoridated water from birth to 5-8 yr of age with the subjects who had non-fluoridated water. The sample consisted of 117 18-22-yr-old female nursing school students. The data obtained in dental examinations were sorted according to their place of residence, and then divided into groups depending on whether their place of residence had been supplied with fluoridated water or not. The fluoride concentration in the water had been 0.7-1.0 ppm in the six water supply systems which were under the control of the US military base. In the subjects who had fluoridated water, the following differences were found when compared to the control subjects: missing teeth and highly progressed caries occurred less frequently; significantly lower caries prevalence was present on free smooth and approximal surfaces; the overall DMFT differences in favor of the fluoridated subjects were small and non-significant.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • DMF Index
  • Dental Caries / epidemiology*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Fluoridation* / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Prevalence
  • Time Factors
  • Tooth Loss / epidemiology