Vitamin D3 inhibits fatty acid synthase expression by stimulating the expression of long-chain fatty-acid-CoA ligase 3 in prostate cancer cells

FEBS Lett. 2004 Nov 19;577(3):451-4. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2004.10.044.


FAS and FACL3 are enzymes of fatty acid metabolism. In our previous studies, we found that FAS and FACL3 genes were vitamin D3-regulated and involved in the antiproliferative effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 in the human prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Here, we elucidated the mechanism behind the downregulation of FAS expression by vitamin D3. Triacsin C, an inhibitor of FACL3 activity, completely abolished the downregulation of FAS expression by vitamin D3, whereas an inhibitor of FAS activity, cerulenin, had no significant effect on the upregulation of FACL3 expression by vitamin D3 in LNCaP cells. In human prostate cancer PC3 cells, in which FACL3 expression is not regulated by vitamin D3, no regulation of FAS expression was seen. This suggests that the downregulation of FAS expression by vitamin D3 is mediated by vitamin D3 upregulation of FACL3 expression. Myristic acid, one of the substrates preferential for FACL3, enhanced the repression of FAS expression by vitamin D3. The action of myristic acid was abrogated by inhibition of FACL3 activity, suggesting that the enhancement in the downregulation of FAS expression by vitamin D3 is due to the formation of myristoyl-CoA. The data suggest that vitamin D3-repression of FAS mRNA expression is the consequence of feedback inhibition of FAS expression by long chain fatty acyl-CoAs, which are formed by FACL3 during its upregulation by vitamin D3 in human prostate cancer LNCaP cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cerulenin / pharmacology
  • Cholecalciferol / metabolism*
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / metabolism*
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acid Synthases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Fatty Acid Synthases / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myristic Acid / pharmacology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Time Factors
  • Triazenes / pharmacology
  • Up-Regulation / drug effects


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Triazenes
  • Myristic Acid
  • Cerulenin
  • Cholecalciferol
  • triacsin C
  • Fatty Acid Synthases
  • Coenzyme A Ligases
  • long-chain-fatty-acid-CoA ligase