Numerical evaluation of the fields induced by body motion in or near high-field MRI scanners

Prog Biophys Mol Biol. Feb-Apr 2005;87(2-3):267-78. doi: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2004.08.002.

Abstract

In modern magnetic resonance imaging , both patients and health care workers are exposed to strong, non-uniform static magnetic fields inside and outside of the scanner, in which body movement may be able to induce electric currents in tissues which could be potentially harmful. This paper presents theoretical investigations into the spatial distribution of induced E-fields in a tissue-equivalent human model when moving at various positions around the magnet. The numerical calculations are based on an efficient, quasi-static, finite-difference scheme. Three-dimensional field profiles from an actively shielded 4 T magnet system are used and the body model projected through the field profile with normalized velocity. The simulation shows that it is possible to induce E-fields/currents near the level of physiological significance under some circumstances and provides insight into the spatial characteristics of the induced fields. The methodology presented herein can be extrapolated to very high field strengths for the evaluation of the effects of motion at a variety of field strengths and velocities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation*
  • Human Body
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / adverse effects*
  • Magnetics / adverse effects*
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Motion*