Chemoenzymatic synthesis of CMP-sialic acid derivatives by a one-pot two-enzyme system: comparison of substrate flexibility of three microbial CMP-sialic acid synthetases

Bioorg Med Chem. 2004 Dec 15;12(24):6427-35. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2004.09.030.


Three C terminal His6-tagged recombinant microbial CMP-sialic acid synthetases [EC] cloned from Neisseria meningitidis group B, Streptococcus agalactiae serotype V, and Escherichia coli K1, respectively, were evaluated for their ability in the synthesis of CMP-sialic acid derivatives in a one-pot two-enzyme system. In this system, N-acetylmannosamine or mannose analogs were condensed with pyruvate, catalyzed by a recombinant sialic acid aldolase [EC] cloned from E. coli K12 to provide sialic acid analogs as substrates for the CMP-sialic acid synthetases. The substrate flexibility and the reaction efficiency of the three recombinant CMP-sialic acid synthetases were compared, first by qualitative screening using thin layer chromatography, and then by quantitative analysis using high performance liquid chromatography. The N. meningitidis synthetase was shown to have the highest expression level, the most flexible substrate specificity, and the highest catalytic efficiency among the three synthetases. Finally, eight sugar nucleotides, including cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-Neu5Ac) and its derivatives with substitutions at carbon-5, carbon-8, or carbon-9 of Neu5Ac, were synthesized in a preparative (100-200 mg) scale from their 5- or 6-carbon sugar precursors using the N. meningitidis synthetase and the aldolase.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid / chemical synthesis*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Mannose
  • N-Acylneuraminate Cytidylyltransferase / metabolism*
  • Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup B / genetics
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Streptococcus agalactiae / genetics
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • N-Acylneuraminate Cytidylyltransferase
  • Mannose