Identification of FGF10 targets in the embryonic lung epithelium during bud morphogenesis

J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 11;280(6):4834-41. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M410714200. Epub 2004 Nov 19.


Genetic studies implicate Fgf10-Fgfr2 signaling as a critical regulator of bud morphogenesis in the embryo. However, little is known about the transcriptional targets of Fgf10 during this process. Here we identified global changes in gene expression in lung epithelial explants undergoing FGF10-mediated budding in the absence of other growth factors and mesenchyme. Targets were confirmed by their localization at sites where endogenous Fgf10 signaling is active in embryonic lungs and by demonstrating their induction in intact lungs in response to local application of FGF10 protein. We show that the initial stages of budding are characterized by marked up-regulation of genes associated with cell rearrangement and cell migration, inflammatory process, and lipid metabolism but not cell proliferation. We also found that some genes implicated in tumor invasion and metastatic behavior are epithelial targets of Fgf10 in the lung and other developing organs that depend on Fgf10-Fgfr2 signaling to properly form. Our approach identifies Fgf10 targets that are common to multiple biological processes and provides insights into potential mechanisms by which Fgf signaling regulates epithelial cell behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism*
  • Epithelium / metabolism
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 10
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / metabolism
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Inflammation
  • Lung / embryology*
  • Mesoderm / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • RNA / metabolism
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Up-Regulation


  • DNA Primers
  • Fgf10 protein, mouse
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 10
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • RNA
  • Fgfr2 protein, mouse
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2