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, 5 (4), 101-10

The Evolving Impact of Aging America on Dental Practice

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  • PMID: 15558095

The Evolving Impact of Aging America on Dental Practice

Kenneth Shay. J Contemp Dent Pract.

Abstract

American dentistry has recognized for a quarter century that the growth in the proportion of elderly in the population is impacting on the profession. Multiple articles in the professional literature have speculated on the ways in which this change will be manifested. Data and projections from earlier articles are revisited and five trends are offered to guide professionals as they position their practices for the coming years. The increase in number and proportion of elderly in dental practices stems from successes in preventing and controlling infectious diseases during the last century. The trend has not peaked but will continue for at least two more decades. Retention of teeth into advanced age has resulted from emerging and improved preventive and restorative dental advances directed at children and adults beginning mid-century, and dental utilization studies confirm the elderly are seeking dental care at an unprecedented and growing rate. Chronic disease and infirmity that accompany advanced age make dental care more challenging for this group. Dentists and their staff will need to continuously undertake educational opportunities that will foster and maintain their facility in providing care to the elderly. They will need to do this because Americans of advanced age are becoming the dominant age group seeking, and able to pay for, sophisticated dental services. The blend of those services is shifting away from removable prostheses to a rising demand for restorative, periodontic, and endodontic care. Root caries, in particular, will be a growing challenge to both providers and patients. There is mounting evidence oral disease impacts endocrine, cardiovascular, and pulmonary health, particularly in frail elders, and will likely provide many elderly additional stimuli to seek dental care. Providers who seek an alternative approach for delivering their services will find growing demand for and satisfaction with traveling to patients, rather than the other way around.

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