The intention of Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MI) is to preserve as much tooth tissue as possible and to offer less threatening care to fearful patients. MI is based on a new understanding of cariology and the therapeutic value of biomimetic materials such as Glass lonomers. It has particular relevance to a new caries classification and employs treatment concepts such as selective caries removal and sealed restorations. The MI approach is appropriate for the vast majority of the population in South Africa; it addresses the public fear of dental treatment. It can be an effective private practice builder and is thus applicable to private and public services.