Polyploid and multilocus extensions of the Wahlund inequality

Theor Popul Biol. 2004 Dec;66(4):381-91. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2004.07.001.


Wahlund's inequality informally states that if a structured and an unstructured population have the same allele frequencies at a locus, the structured population contains more homozygotes. We show that this inequality holds generally for ploidy level P, that is, the structured population has more P-polyhomozygotes. Further, for M randomly chosen loci (M >or= 2), the structured population is also expected to contain more M-multihomozygotes than an unstructured population with the same single-locus homozygosities. The extended inequalities suggest multilocus identity coefficients analogous to F(ST). Using microsatellite genotypes from human populations, we demonstrate that the multilocus Wahlund inequality can explain a positive bias in "identity-in-state excess".

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Homozygote
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Polyploidy*