Interdomain contact regions and angles between adjacent short consensus repeat domains

J Mol Biol. 2004 Dec 10;344(5):1385-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.10.017.


The short consensus repeat domain (SCR, complement control protein module, sushi-domain) is a structural unit found in multiple adjacent copies in more than 40 human proteins. Each bead-like domain is composed of approximately 60 residues and the adjacent domains are connected in a head-to-tail fashion with linkers that consist of two to 12 amino acid residues. Based on experimentally determined structures the neighbouring SCR domains interact with each other at the so-called hinge or interdomain contact region. The functions mediated by the SCR domains have been studied using mutagenesis but the possible effects of the mutations on the hinge regions and interdomain angles have not been analysed. In this study, the linker and three loops in conserved locations were found to be responsible for the interdomain contact regions of all the solved experimental structures. The interdomain contact regions were identified in sequences of 140 human SCR domain pairs, and distinct hydrophobic and charge features were found in different subsets of SCR proteins and functional domains. To compare the possible associations of the interdomain contact region characteristics to the interdomain orientations all the experimentally solved SCR structures were subjected to a uniform calculation of tilt, twist, and skew angles that define the interdomain orientation. The twist and skew angles were found to have a linear correlation and the spatial location of one loop of the N-terminal domain (N#1) was found to have an effect on the skew angle. Thus, we describe location of the interdomain contact regions in primary structures of SCR domains and report that the orientation of adjacent SCR domains is not random and depends partially on the interdomain contact regions. On the basis of these results, mutations within the interdomain contact regions and subsequent loss-of-function effects caused by changes in the interdomain orientation can be avoided in mutagenesis studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Consensus Sequence
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Humans
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Amino Acid
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Static Electricity


  • Proteins