The effects of chin lift and jaw thrust while in the lateral position on stridor score in anesthetized children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy

Anesth Analg. 2004 Dec;99(6):1638-1641. doi: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000135637.95853.1C.


Obstruction of the upper airway is a major challenge for anesthesiologists administering general anesthesia in spontaneously breathing patients, especially in pediatric anesthesia with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Lateral positioning is a simple treatment for obstructive sleep apnea and also decreases collapsibility of the pharynx in anesthetized adults with obstructive sleep apnea. In this study, we examined the effects of body position shifting and common airway maneuvers, such as chin lift and jaw thrust, on airway patency (stridor score) in anesthetized children scheduled for adenotonsillectomy. Thirty children aged 1-10 yr were anesthetized with sevoflurane. During spontaneous breathing of 5% sevoflurane, stridor score was recorded. After baseline recording, chin lift and jaw thrust were performed on patients in both the supine and the lateral decubitus positions. Chin lift and jaw thrust improved the stridor score. Furthermore, lateral positioning dramatically enhanced the effects of these airway maneuvers on airway patency. Jaw thrust combined with lateral positioning provided easy airway management for the anesthesiologists. We conclude that lateral positioning combined with airway maneuvers significantly improved airway patency compared with the airway maneuvers alone for patients in the supine position.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Adenoids / pathology*
  • Anesthesia, Inhalation*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chin
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy
  • Infant
  • Intraoperative Complications / physiopathology*
  • Jaw
  • Male
  • Palatine Tonsil / pathology*
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Respiratory Sounds / physiopathology*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Tonsillectomy