Insulin-like growth factors, insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 protease, and growth hormone-binding protein in lipodystrophic human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients

Metabolism. 2004 Dec;53(12):1565-73. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2004.06.025.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-lipodystrophy is associated with impaired growth hormone (GH) secretion. It remains to be elucidated whether insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), IGFBP-3 protease, and GH-binding protein (GHBP) are abnormal in HIV-lipodystrophy. These parameters were measured in overnight fasting serum samples from 16 Caucasian males with HIV-lipodystrophy (LIPO) and 15 Caucasian HIV-infected males without lipodystrophy (NONLIPO) matched for age, weight, duration of HIV infection, and antiretroviral therapy. In LIPO, abdominal fat mass and insulin concentration were increased (>90%, P < .01) and insulin sensitivity (Log10ISI(composite)) was decreased (-50%, P < .001). Total and free IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-3 protease were similar between groups (all P > .5), whereas, in LIPO, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 were reduced (-36%, P < .05 and -50%, P < .01). In pooled groups, total IGF-I, free IGF-I, total IGF-II, and IGFBP-3, respectively, correlated inversely with age (all P < .01). In pooled groups, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 correlated positively with insulin sensitivity (age-adjusted all P < .05). IGFBP-3 protease correlated with free IGF-I in pooled groups (r(p) = 0.47, P < .02), and in LIPO (r(p) = 0.71, P < .007) controlling for age, total IGF-I, and IGFBP-3. GHBP was increased, whereas GH was decreased in LIPO (all P < .05). GH correlated inversely with GHBP in pooled groups (P < .05). Taken together the similar IGFs and IGFBP-3 concentrations between study groups, including suppressed GH, and increased GHBP in LIPO, argue against GH resistance of GH-sensitive tissues in LIPO compared with NONLIPO; however, this notion awaits examination in dose-response studies. Furthermore, our data suggest that IGFBP-3 protease is a significant regulator of bioactive IGF-I in HIV-lipodystrophy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Composition
  • Body Constitution
  • Body Mass Index
  • C-Peptide / blood
  • Carrier Proteins / blood*
  • Endopeptidases / blood
  • Endopeptidases / metabolism*
  • HIV Infections / blood*
  • HIV Infections / complications
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins / blood*
  • Linear Models
  • Lipodystrophy / blood*
  • Lipodystrophy / virology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Somatomedins / metabolism*


  • Blood Glucose
  • C-Peptide
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
  • Somatomedins
  • Endopeptidases
  • insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 protease
  • somatotropin-binding protein