Inhibition of protein and lipid oxidation in liposomes by berry phenolics

J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Dec 1;52(24):7419-24. doi: 10.1021/jf049198n.


The antioxidant activity of berry phenolics (at concentrations of 1.4, 4.2, and 8.4 mug of purified extracts/mL of liposome sample) such as anthocyanins, ellagitannins, and proanthocyanidins from raspberry (Rubus idaeus), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), and black currant (Ribes nigrum) was investigated in a lactalbumin-liposome system. The extent of protein oxidation was measured by determining the loss of tryptophan fluorescence and formation of protein carbonyl compounds and that of lipid oxidation by conjugated diene hydroperoxides and hexanal analyses. The antioxidant protection toward lipid oxidation was best provided by lingonberry and bilberry phenolics followed by black currant and raspberry phenolics. Bilberry and raspberry phenolics exhibited the best overall antioxidant activity toward protein oxidation. Proanthocyanidins, especially the dimeric and trimeric forms, in lingonberries were among the most active phenolic constituents toward both lipid and protein oxidation. In bilberries and black currants, anthocyanins contributed the most to the antioxidant effect by inhibiting the formation of both hexanal and protein carbonyls. In raspberries, ellagitannins were responsible for the antioxidant activity. While the antioxidant effect of berry proanthocyanidins and anthocyanins was dose-dependent, ellagitannins appeared to be equally active at all concentrations. In conclusion, berries are rich in monomeric and polymeric phenolic compounds providing protection toward both lipid and protein oxidation.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects*
  • Liposomes / metabolism*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phenols / pharmacology*
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Ribes / chemistry
  • Rosaceae / chemistry
  • Vaccinium myrtillus / chemistry
  • Vaccinium vitis-idaea / chemistry


  • Antioxidants
  • Liposomes
  • Phenols
  • Proteins