Medical treatment for pulmonary fibrosis: current trends, concepts, and prospects

Clin Chest Med. 2004 Dec;25(4):759-72, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2004.08.003.


A diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) carries a poor prognosis, with our currently available therapies offering little clinical benefit. Unfortunately, recent major advances in our understanding of the clinical and biologic features of this disease have not been matched by similar advances in treatment. This is likely because of the complex cascade of biologic and pathobiologic events that occurs in IPF. The necessary, and desperately needed, next generation of therapies, focused on specific molecular targets thought to play pivotal roles in the development and progression of fibrosis, are under active investigation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Cytokines / therapeutic use
  • Eicosanoids / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Interferons / therapeutic use
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / drug therapy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / antagonists & inhibitors


  • Antioxidants
  • Cytokines
  • Eicosanoids
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Interferons