Initial results from a longitudinal international surveillance programme for anidulafungin (2003)

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Dec;54(6):1051-6. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkh504. Epub 2004 Nov 25.

Abstract

Objectives: This longitudinal study evaluated the in vitro activity of anidulafungin against 880 clinical yeast isolates and 68 mould isolates from 64 medical centres in North America, Latin America and Europe.

Methods: MICs of anidulafungin, amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole and voriconazole were determined using reference method (M27-A2) guidelines. The M38-A reference method was used for the filamentous fungi, including determination of minimum effective concentrations (MECs) of anidulafungin.

Results: Anidulafungin was more active when compared with fluconazole and itraconazole for Candida albicans (MIC(90), 0.06 mg/L), Candida tropicalis (MIC(90), 0.06 mg/L), Candida glabrata (MIC(90), 0.12 mg/L), Candida krusei (MIC(90), 0.06 mg/L) and Candida lusitaniae (MIC(90), 1 mg/L) as well as the less-often encountered yeast species. Anidulafungin was less active against Candida parapsilosis, Candida guilliermondii and Candida famata (MIC(50), 1-2 mg/L). Anidulafungin also exhibited excellent activity against all Aspergillus spp. (MEC(90), < or =0.03 mg/L). Anidulafungin was also evaluated comparing two end point reading criteria and two incubation intervals. Data indicate that longer incubation periods do not significantly influence overall MIC ranges. These international surveillance results for anidulafungin confirm the activity observed in studies of smaller numbers of isolates.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anidulafungin
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Aspergillus / drug effects
  • Candida / classification
  • Candida / drug effects
  • Drug Resistance, Fungal
  • Echinocandins
  • Europe
  • Fungi / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Internationality*
  • Latin America
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods
  • North America
  • Peptides, Cyclic / pharmacology*
  • Population Surveillance*

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Echinocandins
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Anidulafungin