Spontaneous subdural haematoma in anabolic steroids dependent weight lifters: reports of two cases and review of literature

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005 Jan;147(1):85-7; discussion 87-8. doi: 10.1007/s00701-004-0415-0.


Spontaneous subdural haematoma is very rare in young patients. The complications of anabolic steroid intake in weight lifters are numerous, yet subdural haematomas have not been reported. We report on two cases of spontaneous subdural haematomas in young weight lifters. Both patients underwent surgical evacuation and made a full recovery. A review of the literature on the complications associated with valsalva manoeuvres is also presented including hemodynamic and intracranial changes. We propose that patients on chronic anabolic steroids may have vascular changes that predispose them to bleeding during a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM).

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial / etiology*
  • Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Valsalva Maneuver
  • Weight Lifting*


  • Anabolic Agents