Outcomes of dacryocystorhinostomy in patients with head and neck tumors

Head Neck. 2005 Jan;27(1):72-5. doi: 10.1002/hed.20079.


Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in patients with head and neck tumors.

Methods: The clinical records of all 31 patients with head and neck tumors who underwent DCR for nasolacrimal duct blockage at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center between 1999 and 2003 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: The tumor diagnoses were squamous cell carcinoma (n = 18), chondrosarcoma (n = 3), sinonasal carcinoma (n = 2), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 2), sinonasal papilloma (n = 2), esthesioneuroblastoma (n = 1); hemangiopericytoma (n = 1); ameloblastoma (n = 1), and osteosarcoma (n = 1). Twenty-eight patients had a maxillectomy or other sinus surgeries, 10 had radiotherapy, and 14 had chemotherapy and radiotherapy before DCR. All 31 patients (35 eyes) experienced improvement of epiphora after DCR, but five patients (six eyes) had recurrent nasolacrimal duct blockage develop during the study period. Two patients had mild wound infections; none had osteoradionecrosis.

Conclusions: DCR alleviates nasolacrimal duct blockage in most patients with head and neck tumors and is not associated with unusual complications in this setting.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Dacryocystorhinostomy*
  • Ethmoid Bone / surgery
  • Female
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / complications*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / therapy
  • Humans
  • Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / etiology*
  • Male
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasolacrimal Duct / surgery*
  • Paranasal Sinuses / surgery
  • Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sphenoid Bone / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome