Natural language processing in psychiatry. Artificial intelligence technology and psychopathology

J Nerv Ment Dis. 1992 Apr;180(4):227-37. doi: 10.1097/00005053-199204000-00004.


The potential benefit of artificial intelligence (AI) technology as a tool of psychiatry has not been well defined. In this essay, the technology of natural language processing and its position with regard to the two main schools of AI is clearly outlined. Past experiments utilizing AI techniques in understanding psychopathology are reviewed. Natural language processing can automate the analysis of transcripts and can be used in modeling theories of language comprehension. In these ways, it can serve as a tool in testing psychological theories of psychopathology and can be used as an effective tool in empirical research on verbal behavior in psychopathology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linguistics
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Natural Language Processing*
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Psychiatry / instrumentation*
  • Verbal Behavior