Motivation and reasons to quit: predictive validity among adolescent smokers

Am J Health Behav. Nov-Dec 2004;28(6):542-50. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.28.6.7.


Objectives: To examine reasons to quit among adolescents in a smoking cessation program, and whether reasons were associated with subsequent cessation.

Methods: Participants were 351 adolescents. At baseline, adolescents reported motivation, reasons to quit, and stage of change for cessation. Quit status was assessed at end of treatment.

Results: Girls were more likely to endorse image and appearance reasons to quit. Cessation was more likely among adolescents with higher motivation and those wanting to quit because of friends.

Conclusions: Different reasons to quit were associated with motivation and cessation. Baseline motivation strongly predicted cessation, suggesting the relative value of assessing global motivation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motivation*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*