Cerebral venous thrombosis

Neurol Clin. 1992 Feb;10(1):87-111.


Neuroimagining facilities allow early recognition of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), which now appears far more common than previously assumed. The diagnosis remains difficult because of a wide spectrum of clinical presentation and a highly variable mode of onset. Numerous conditions (presently mostly noninfectious) can cause or predispose to CVT, which therefore requires an extensive etiologic work-up. The functional and vital prognosis is much better than classically thought with, in noninfectious CVT, a fatality rate of less than 10% and a complete recovery in over 70%. Although spontaneous recovery is possible, the efficacy of heparin is now well established.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cerebral Veins* / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Veins* / drug effects
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis / diagnosis*
  • Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis / drug therapy
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Prognosis
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / diagnosis*
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / drug therapy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anticoagulants
  • Fibrinolytic Agents