Update: foodborne listeriosis--United States, 1988-1990

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1992 Apr 17;41(15):251, 257-8.


Although outbreaks of invasive disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes have been associated with ingestion of a variety of contaminated foods (1-5), most listeriosis in the United States occurs as isolated or sporadic cases. To determine the incidence of listeriosis and identify risk factors for disease, during 1988-1990, CDC collaborated with investigators in four states to conduct active laboratory-based surveillance and special studies in a population of more than 18 million U.S. residents. This report summarizes the findings of these studies (6,7).

MeSH terms

  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Food Microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Listeria monocytogenes / isolation & purification
  • Listeriosis / epidemiology*
  • Listeriosis / etiology
  • Population Surveillance
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology