DNA recognition by GAL4: structure of a protein-DNA complex

Nature. 1992 Apr 2;356(6368):408-14. doi: 10.1038/356408a0.

Abstract

A specific DNA complex of the 65-residue, N-terminal fragment of the yeast transcriptional activator, GAL4, has been analysed at 2.7 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. The protein binds as a dimer to a symmetrical 17-base-pair sequence. A small, Zn(2+)-containing domain recognizes a conserved CCG triplet at each end of the site through direct contacts with the major groove. A short coiled-coil dimerization element imposes 2-fold symmetry. A segment of extended polypeptide chain links the metal-binding module to the dimerization element and specifies the length of the site. The relatively open structure of the complex would allow another protein to bind coordinately with GAL4.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Computer Graphics
  • DNA / chemical synthesis
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / chemical synthesis
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / chemistry
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Transcription Factors*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • GAL4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA