Black and white differences in cognitive function test scores: what explains the difference?

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Dec;52(12):2120-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52575.x.


Several studies have reported that older black and Latino adults have lower cognitive function test scores than older white adults, but few have comprehensively examined reasons for score differences. This study evaluates whether differences in health and socioeconomic indicators, including literacy level, can explain differences in cognitive function test scores between older black and white adults.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Black or African American* / statistics & numerical data
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cognition Disorders / ethnology*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Pennsylvania
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Psychometrics
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tennessee
  • White People* / statistics & numerical data