Impact of safety devices for preventing percutaneous injuries related to phlebotomy procedures in health care workers

Am J Infect Control. 2004 Dec;32(8):441-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2004.07.006.


Background: Use of protective devices has become a common intervention to decrease sharps injuries in the hospitals; however few studies have examined the results of implementation of the different protective devices available.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of 2 protective devices in preventing needlestick injuries to health care workers.

Methods: Sharps injury data were collected over a 7-year period (1993-1999) in a 3600-bed tertiary care university hospital in France. Pre- and postinterventional rates were compared after the implementation of 2 safety devices for preventing percutaneous injuries (PIs) related to phlebotomy procedures.

Results: From 1993 to 1999, an overall decrease in the needlestick-related injuries was noted. Since 1996, the incidence of phlebotomy-related PIs has significantly decreased. Phlebotomy procedures accounted for 19.4% of all percutaneous injuries in the preintervention period and 12% in the postintervention period (RR, O.62; 95% CI, 0.51-0.72; P < .001). Needlestick-related injuries incidence rate decreased significantly after the implementation of the 2 safety devices, representing a 48% decline in incidence rate overall.

Conclusions: The implementation of these safety devices apparently contributed to a significant decrease in the percutaneous injuries related to phlebotomy procedures, but they constitute only part of a strategy that includes education of health care workers and collection of appropriate data that allow analysis of residuals percutaneous injuries.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Needlestick Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Phlebotomy / instrumentation*
  • Phlebotomy / trends
  • Protective Devices*
  • Time Factors