Pu(V)O2+ adsorption and reduction by synthetic magnetite (Fe3O4)

Environ Sci Technol. 2004 Nov 15;38(22):6016-24. doi: 10.1021/es049386u.


Changes in aqueous- and solid-phase Pu oxidation state were monitored over time in magnetite (Fe3O4) suspensions containing 239Pu(V)-amended 0.01 M NaCl. Oxidation state distribution was determined by leaching of Pu into an aqueous phase followed by an ultrafiltration/solvent extraction technique. The capability of the technique to measure Pu oxidation state distribution was verified using 230Th(IV), 237Np(V), and 233U(VI) as oxidation state analogues. Reduction of Pu(V) was observed at all pH values (pH 3 to 8) and magnetite concentrations (10 to 100 m2 L(-1)). In the pH range 5 to 8, adsorption was a rate-limiting step, and reduction was mediated by the solid phase; at pH 3 reduction occurred in the aqueous phase. The overall reaction (describing both adsorption and reduction of Pu(V)) was found to be approximately first order with respect to the magnetite concentration and of order -0.34+/-0.02 with respect to the hydrogen ion concentration. Assuming first order dependence with respect to Pu, the overall reaction rate constant was calculated as k(rxn) = 4.79+/-0.62 x 10(-8) (m(-2) L)0.99(mol(-1) L)-0.34(s(-1)). The Pu(IV) solid-phase species became more stable over time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Ferrosoferric Oxide
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iron / chemistry*
  • Kinetics
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxides / chemistry*
  • Plutonium / chemistry*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Assessment
  • Solubility
  • Ultrafiltration


  • Oxides
  • plutonium dioxide
  • Plutonium
  • Iron
  • Ferrosoferric Oxide