Improvement in mood, physical symptoms, and function with nortriptyline for depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Psychosomatics. Spring 1992;33(2):190-201. doi: 10.1016/S0033-3182(92)71995-1.

Abstract

Although recent epidemiologic studies have established that patients with chronic medical illness and depressed mood are more disabled than euthymic patients, detailed data on the benefits and risks of antidepressant treatment in medically high-risk patients have been slow to accumulate. The authors have examined multiple outcome indicators in patients with disabling chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and comorbid depression. Thirty patients completed a 12-week, randomized controlled trial of nortriptyline. Nortriptyline was clearly superior to placebo for treatment of depression. Nortriptyline treatment was accompanied by marked improvements in anxiety, certain respiratory symptoms, overall physical comfort, and day-to-day function; placebo effects were negligible. Physiological measures reflecting pulmonary insufficiency were generally unaffected by treatment. These data provide impetus for renewed efforts to improve recognition and treatment of mood disorders in even severely disabled medical patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Affect
  • Attitude to Health
  • Chronic Disease
  • Depressive Disorder / complications
  • Depressive Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Dyspnea / drug therapy
  • Dyspnea / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / complications*
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / drug therapy
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nortriptyline / therapeutic use*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Placebos
  • Prednisone / administration & dosage
  • Prednisone / therapeutic use
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales

Substances

  • Placebos
  • Nortriptyline
  • Prednisone