Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Mediates Luteinizing Hormone-Induced Breakdown of Communication and Oocyte Maturation in Rat Ovarian Follicles

Endocrinology. 2005 Mar;146(3):1236-44. doi: 10.1210/en.2004-1006. Epub 2004 Dec 2.

Abstract

Resumption of meiosis, induced by LH, is preceded by the breakdown of gap junctional communication, which terminates the supply of cAMP from the somatic cells of the ovarian follicle to the oocyte. It has recently been shown that LH-induced reinitiation of meiosis is mediated by MAPK; however, the underlying molecular mechanism involved in the action of this enzyme remains unknown. We hypothesized that activation of MAPK interrupts junctional communication within the ovarian follicle, leading, in turn, to oocyte maturation. To test this hypothesis, we blocked the activation of MAPK by UO126, which specifically inhibits the MAPK signaling pathway. We analyzed junctional communication using three complementary methods: 1) patch-clamp analysis, which determined changes in the electrical coupling between two adjacent granulosa cells; 2) the scrape-loading technique, which monitored the spread of dyes through a granulosa cell layer; and 3) a metabolic coupling assay, which evaluated the transfer of radiolabeled uridine from the cumulus cells to the oocyte. We show, herein, that the somatic follicle cells, rather than the oocyte, activate MAPK immediately after their exposure to LH. Moreover, inhibition of LH-induced MAPK activation not only prevents oocyte maturation but also blocks the reduction in junctional communication. In addition, the appearance of the two phosphorylated forms of the gap junction protein, connexin 43, in response to LH, was avoided by UO126. We concluded that MAPK mediates LH-induced oocyte maturation by interrupting cell-to-cell communication within the ovarian follicle, possibly through phosphorylation of connexin 43.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Butadienes / pharmacology
  • Cell Communication
  • Connexin 43 / metabolism
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Female
  • Gap Junctions
  • Granulosa Cells / cytology
  • Granulosa Cells / metabolism
  • Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism*
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System*
  • Meiosis
  • Models, Biological
  • Nitriles / pharmacology
  • Oocytes / metabolism
  • Ovarian Follicle / metabolism*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Phosphorylation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Butadienes
  • Connexin 43
  • Nitriles
  • U 0126
  • Luteinizing Hormone