Treatment of mandibular angle fractures with a matrix miniplate: a preliminary report

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Dec;114(7):1711-6; discussion 1717-8. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000142477.77232.f7.


Mandibular angle fractures are technically challenging, and a spectrum of techniques for treatment of these fractures has been proposed in the literature. Currently, fixation with one or two miniplates has become a widely accepted method of providing internal fixation and eliminating the need for postoperative maxillomandibular fixation. In this study, the utility of a single 2.0-mm matrix miniplate for mandibular angle fracture management was examined. In a laboratory biomechanical analysis, the overall stability of the single 2.0-mm matrix miniplate compared favorably with two 2.0-mm miniplates in a simulated fracture setting. The matrix miniplate demonstrated an overall better intrinsic stability, more resistance to out-of-plane fracture movement, and a higher load tolerance when motion out-of-plane was challenged. Clinically, the matrix miniplate performed well. In a series of 22 consecutive patients, there were no cases of nonunion, malunion, or plate failure. Two patients developed infection that was managed in both cases by drainage with maintenance of the miniplate. Both went on to full union. These results compare very favorably to previously published series using one or two miniplates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abscess / etiology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bone Plates* / adverse effects
  • Bone Screws
  • Elasticity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mandibular Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Mandibular Fractures / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiography
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
  • Weight-Bearing
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnostic imaging
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / therapy*