Use of standing orders programs to increase adult vaccination rates

MMWR Recomm Rep. 2000 Mar 24;49(RR-1):15-6.


The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recognizes the need for evidence-based policy to improve the delivery and receipt of immunization services recommended for adults (i.e., persons aged > or = 18 years). Two recent, systematic reviews of the health services research literature recommended standing orders programs as an effective organizational intervention to improve vaccination coverage rates among adults. This report briefly reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of standing orders programs, describes standards for program implementation, and recommends initiating these programs to improve immunization coverage in several traditional and nontraditional settings.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Delivery of Health Care / standards
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs*
  • Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • United States
  • Vaccination / standards*
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data


  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines