Purpose: To determine the optimal evaluation and management of genitourinary (renal, ureteral, bladder, urethral and genital) injuries by review of the world's literature on the subject.
Methods: A consensus committee convened by the Health Care Office of the European Association of Urology (EAU) to summarize the literature concerning the diagnosis and treatment of genitourinary trauma.
Results: Findings of 350 citations are reviewed.
Conclusions: The genitourinary trauma literature still relies heavily on expert opinion and single-institution retrospective series. Future prospective trials of the most significant issues, when possible, might improve the quality of evidence that dictates practitioner behavior.