These studies examined the role of (+)-methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration route on spontaneous behavioral activity vs. time relationships, and pharmacokinetic mechanisms for differences in effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per administration route) received saline and three doses (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg) of (+)METH in a mixed-sequence design by intravenous (iv), subcutaneous (sc) or intraperitoneal (ip) administration. Locomotion and stereotypy were quantified by video-tracking analysis. The effects of (+)METH on spontaneous behavior were dose- and route-dependent. In particular, total locomotor activity was greatest following 3.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally (P<0.05) and stereotypy ratings were greatest following 3.0 mg/kg subcutaneously (P<0.05). In addition, the duration of locomotor effects was greatest after 3.0 mg/kg subcutaneously (P<0.05). Serum pharmacokinetic parameters were determined in separate rats given 3.0 mg/kg by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal administration (n=4 per administration route). The (+)METH elimination half-life was not different between the routes, but the (+)METH AUC was greater (P<0.05), and the (+)METH and (+)-amphetamine (AMP) maximum concentrations occurred later following subcutaneous than after intraperitoneal dosing (P<0.05), increasing and prolonging drug exposure. In conclusion, the overall pattern of (+)METH effects on locomotor activity depend on dose and the route of administration, which affects serum concentration and the time course of behavioral effects.