(+)-Methamphetamine-induced spontaneous behavior in rats depends on route of (+)METH administration

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Dec;79(4):751-60. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2004.10.006.


These studies examined the role of (+)-methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration route on spontaneous behavioral activity vs. time relationships, and pharmacokinetic mechanisms for differences in effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per administration route) received saline and three doses (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg) of (+)METH in a mixed-sequence design by intravenous (iv), subcutaneous (sc) or intraperitoneal (ip) administration. Locomotion and stereotypy were quantified by video-tracking analysis. The effects of (+)METH on spontaneous behavior were dose- and route-dependent. In particular, total locomotor activity was greatest following 3.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally (P<0.05) and stereotypy ratings were greatest following 3.0 mg/kg subcutaneously (P<0.05). In addition, the duration of locomotor effects was greatest after 3.0 mg/kg subcutaneously (P<0.05). Serum pharmacokinetic parameters were determined in separate rats given 3.0 mg/kg by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal administration (n=4 per administration route). The (+)METH elimination half-life was not different between the routes, but the (+)METH AUC was greater (P<0.05), and the (+)METH and (+)-amphetamine (AMP) maximum concentrations occurred later following subcutaneous than after intraperitoneal dosing (P<0.05), increasing and prolonging drug exposure. In conclusion, the overall pattern of (+)METH effects on locomotor activity depend on dose and the route of administration, which affects serum concentration and the time course of behavioral effects.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Male
  • Methamphetamine / administration & dosage*
  • Methamphetamine / blood
  • Motor Activity / drug effects*
  • Motor Activity / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stereotyped Behavior / drug effects*
  • Stereotyped Behavior / physiology


  • Methamphetamine