Interventions for suicide survivors: a review of the literature

Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2004 Winter;34(4):337-49. doi: 10.1521/suli.34.4.337.53742.


Mourning after suicide is frequently a difficult experience. Research suggests that suicide survivors may be at elevated risk for several psychiatric and somatic complications. Despite this, very little research has focused on developing and empirically evaluating clinical interventions for this population. This paper attempts to stimulate interest in intervention research by reviewing three relevant areas: (a) studies of the perceived needs of survivors; (b) implications of the research on general bereavement interventions for work with survivors; and (c) research documenting the efficacy of specific interventions for adult survivors. Recommendations for future studies are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Social Support*
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology*
  • Survivors / psychology*