Effects of safety and health training on work-related injury among construction laborers

J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Dec;46(12):1222-8.


Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of safety and health training on work-related injury in the construction industry.

Methods: Union health insurance records, union training records, and workers compensation data for 1993 and 1994 were analyzed for more than 8000 construction laborers in Washington State.

Results: After controlling for demographic factors, laborers who received safety and health training during the study period were 12% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.75-1.02) less likely than nontrained laborers to file for workers compensation. Among workers 16 to 24 years old, training was associated with a 42% (95% CI = 0.35-0.95) reduction in claims.

Conclusions: These findings provide evidence of the effectiveness of safety and health training in preventing occupational injuries among construction laborers, particularly among younger workers. However, the results cover only a limited time and the long-term effects remain unclear.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Facility Design and Construction*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Inservice Training / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Sex Distribution
  • Washington / epidemiology
  • Workers' Compensation / statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*