The diagnostic and therapeutic approach to intracranial lesions must be different considering the different possibilities offered by the various methods. The diagnostic reliability and safety of stereotactic biopsy are often indispensable in order to optimize the subsequent therapy. The results obtained in selected pathologies allow us to propose the stereotactic approach to treat: -various kind of cysts by aspiration and/or Beta endocavitary radiation therapy; -blood or abscessual collections that can be aspirated in a similar way; -arterio venous malformations or tumours by radiosurgery; -tumours by brachicurietherapy or by computer assisted stereotactic surgery. We present some cases treated at the C.H.S.A. of Paris and at the C.H.R.U. of Grenoble utilizing Talairach methodology.