Cane-assisted gait biomechanics and electromyography after total hip arthroplasty

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Dec;85(12):1966-71. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.037.


Objective: To quantify the effects of cane use during walking on hip joint kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activity patterns after unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Design: Nonrandomized experimental design.

Setting: Urban inpatient hospital.

Participants: Adults (n=9 men, 2 women) with no history of orthopedic or neuromuscular disease who underwent elective unilateral THA.

Intervention: Gait was assessed preoperatively and 4 and 8 months postoperatively.

Main outcome measures: Three-dimensional hip joint motion and moments and electromyographic patterns of gluteus medius, tensor fascia latae, lateral hamstring, and vastus lateralis were measured during level walking, with and without use of a straight cane.

Results: When a cane was held in the contralateral hand, the abduction moment of the affected hip decreased by 26%, whereas that of the contralateral hip increased by 28%. Use of a cane in THA rehabilitation is important because it reduces the load on the operative hip so that bone and soft tissues can heal. Our results suggest that load reduction was successful on the operative side, but the loads on the contralateral side were increased.

Conclusions: After unilateral arthroplasty, subjects using a cane had increased hip abduction moments on the nonoperative hip and decreased hip abduction moments on the operative hip. Clinicians should be mindful of the effects of cane use on the contralateral hip.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / rehabilitation*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Canes*
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Hip Joint / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Man-Machine Systems
  • Middle Aged
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology