Structure-function analysis of the yeast NAD+-dependent tRNA 2'-phosphotransferase Tpt1

RNA. 2005 Jan;11(1):107-13. doi: 10.1261/rna.7193705.


Tpt1 is an essential 230-amino-acid enzyme that catalyzes the final step in yeast tRNA splicing: the transfer of the 2'-PO4 from the splice junction to NAD+ to form ADP-ribose 1''-2''cyclic phosphate and nicotinamide. To understand the structural requirements for Saccharomyces cerevisiae Tpt1 activity, we performed an alanine-scanning mutational analysis of 14 amino acids that are conserved in homologous proteins from fungi, metazoa, protozoa, bacteria, and archaea. We thereby identified four residues-Arg23, His24, Arg71, and Arg138-as essential for Tpt1 function in vivo. Structure-activity relationships at these positions were clarified by introducing conservative substitutions. The activity of the Escherichia coli ortholog KptA in complementing tpt1Delta was abolished by alanine substitutions at the equivalent side chains, Arg21, His22, Arg69, and Arg125. Deletion analysis of Tpt1 shows that the C-terminal 20 amino acids, which are not conserved, are not essential for activity in vivo at 30 degrees C. These findings attest to the structural and functional conservation of Tpt1-like 2'-phosphotransferases and identify likely constituents of the active site.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Diphtheria Toxin / chemistry
  • Diphtheria Toxin / genetics
  • Diphtheria Toxin / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Mutation, Missense
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / chemistry*
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Diphtheria Toxin
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • NAD
  • KptA protein, E coli
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • TPT1 protein, S cerevisiae