Septins are a family of conserved GTP-binding proteins that function in cytokinesis in fungi and animals. In budding yeast, septins form scaffolds for assembly of the actomyosin contractile ring at the cleavage plane, a role that does not appear to be conserved in other organisms. The septins form an hourglass-shaped collar at the mother-bud neck, which splits into two rings flanking the division plane at cytokinesis. A recent study(1) demonstrates that these two septin rings constitute diffusion barriers that create a cytokinetic compartment to retain cortical cytokinetic factors in proximity to the cleavage plane.
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