Effectiveness of collaborative problem solving in affectively dysregulated children with oppositional-defiant disorder: initial findings

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004 Dec;72(6):1157-64. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.72.6.1157.


Oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) refers to a recurrent pattern of negativistic, defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior toward authority figures. Research has shown that children with ODD and comorbid mood disorders may be at particular risk for long-term adverse outcomes, including conduct disorder. In this study, the authors examined the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral model of intervention--called collaborative problem solving (CPS)--in comparison with parent training (PT) in 47 affectively dysregulated children with ODD. Results indicate that CPS produced significant improvements across multiple domains of functioning at posttreatment and at 4-month follow-up. These improvements were in all instances equivalent, and in many instances superior, to the improvements produced by PT. Implications of these findings for further research on and treatment selection in children with ODD are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mood Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Problem Solving*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires