Objectives: The purpose of this study was to project the cumulative incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), life expectancy, and costs in a Spanish setting of treating patients with diabetes, hypertension, and microalbuminuria with either standard hypertension treatment alone or standard hypertension treatment plus irbesartan 300 mg daily.
Methods: A peer-reviewed, published Markov model that simulated progression from microalbuminuria to nephropathy, doubling of serum creatinine, ESRD, and all-cause mortality in patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and microalbuminuria was adapted to a Spanish setting. Two strategies were compared: (1) irbesartan versus (2) standard hypertension care with comparable blood pressure control; both began in diabetic hypertensive subjects with microalbuminuria. Cumulative incidence of ESRD, costs, and life expectancy were projected for a hypothetical cohort of 1000 subjects. Future costs and life expectancy were discounted at 3% yearly. A 25-year time horizon and third party payer perspective were used.
Results: When compared to standard blood pressure control, irbesartan was projected to reduce the cumulative incidence of ESRD from (mean +/- standard deviation) 24 +/- 1% to 9 +/- 2%, save 11,082 +/- 2,996 euro, and add 1.40 +/- 0.27 life years per treated patient. The superiority of irbesartan over standard care was robust under a wide range of plausible assumptions.
Conclusion: Treating patients with hypertension, microalbuminuria, and type 2 diabetes with irbesartan was projected to reduce the incidence of ESRD, extend life, and reduce costs.