Aims/hypothesis: Recent findings suggest the potential involvement of adiponectin in obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We assessed the prospective association between adiponectin concentration and coronary artery disease in individuals with type 1 diabetes.
Methods: Participants were identified from the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications cohort, a prospective follow-up study of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. At baseline, subjects had a mean age of 28 years, and a mean diabetes duration of 19 years. Cases (determined by physician-diagnosed angina, confirmed myocardial infraction, stenosis >or=50%, ischemic ECG or revascularization) were matched to the control subjects with respect to sex, age and diabetes duration. Samples and risk factors for analyses were identified from the earliest exam prior to incidence in cases. Sera and information on all covariates were available for 28 cases and 34 control subjects. Proportional hazards models were constructed including matching variables.
Results: Compared with those in men, adiponectin concentrations were elevated in females (p=0.009) and among individuals with macroalbuminuria (p=0.04). In multivariable analyses (adjusting for standard risk factors as well as lipoprotein measurements determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, E-selectin or antioxidants), adiponectin inversely predicted the incidence of coronary artery disease (hazard ratio=0.37 per 1 SD increase, 95% CI 0.19-0.73, p=0.004).
Conclusions/interpretation: The results suggest that increased adiponectin concentration is prospectively associated with a lower risk of coronary artery disease type 1 diabetes. The potential of adiponectin determination as a useful marker of, and potential therapeutic target for, coronary artery disease prevention in type 1 diabetes should be further explored.