Acrylamide has recently been found in a range of heat treated food items. As it is a neurotoxic agent and a probable, human carcinogen (IARC 2A), human exposure to this chemical might constitute an important public health issue. The purpose of the study was to estimate the acrylamide intake in Flemish adolescents (based on 7-day food record) and to evaluate the possible health risks due to the exposure. The Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain collected 150 food items from different supermarkets and restaurants to analyse the acrylamide level. The limit of quantitation was 30 microg acrylamide/kg foodstuffs. Exposure modelling was based on Monte Carlo simulations. The estimated dietary intake of acrylamide per person given as the 5th, 50th and 95th percentile were 0.19, 0.51 and 1.09 mircog/kg bw/d. Bread, despite its low acrylamide content, is relevant as a source of acrylamide exposure at the lower percentiles. At higher percentiles the contribution of French fries and crisps is more important. It must be emphasised that the exposure assessment has several limitations. Risk of neurotoxicity seems negligible. The relevance of current intake levels in terms of cancer risk remains a subject of debate.